Solutions

Digital Planning

Digital technologies open up great opportunities for the construction industry, especially in the areas of schedule and cost security as well as in planning quality. For example, digital twins of a future construction or infrastructure project can be used to simulate a wide variety of scenarios and test planning alternatives as early as in the development and planning phase. This not only helps to optimize planning and thus accelerate the actual construction process but also to communicate construction results and infrastructure adjustments to the public at a low-threshold level in advance and to convince customers of the planned construction project.

Visualization tools to make projects and planning options visible

Over the past few years, we have already implemented several solutions in the field of digital planning. For example, our visualization framework GEARViewer creates easy-to-understand visualizations and digital twins even for the most complex infrastructure projects. We also offer support in the area of digital planning with BIM as well as simulations, which can be used in many ways, from the evaluation of constructional measures in flood protection to energy and light planning.

Sponge City

Cities and municipalities, in particular, are suffering from the consequences of climate change: heatwaves alternate with extreme weather events such as heavy rainfall and flooding. Although climate change is a global problem, local measures, especially in urban areas, have great potential for significant improvements. The increasingly frequent and heavy rainfall can not only be tamed by innovative urban development concepts such as Sponge City but also used productively. With our unique digital simulation and visualization application Visdom, we solve real problems caused by high levels of water. Often even simple measures, such as green roofs or rainwater-fed biotopes, bring improvement. In case of an emergency, protection plans and crisis measures, which were previously developed based on our simulations, help to limit damage and save lives.

Reality Capturing

Reality capturing methods make it possible to digitally reconstruct any environment exactly as it is in reality. This is important not only because the digital copy helps to perform analyses and make decisions, but also because digital reconstruction is an important documentation. In the course of our research work, we have created solutions for this purpose that enable 3D reconstructions from point clouds with semi-automatic segmentation of existing structures. According to the principle: capture - understand - simplify. These intelligent reconstructions are the ideal starting points for even more efficient digital planning.

From stock to model

Our research results as well as our basic technology for reconstruction, visualization and semantic modelling are used in the reality capturing tool 3DWorx of our industrial partner rmDATA, which enables planners to quickly create a 3D model of existing buildings from point clouds derived from laser scans or photogrammetry. Additionally, the entire reconstruction chain from scan to finished product can be mapped and the derivation of relevant geometries, e.g. to facilitate the creation of plans, is also made easy. Our Geospatial Visualization, Semantic Modelling and Acquisition Research Group is specialized in the field of reality capturing and reconstruction.

BIM

Building Information Modeling (BIM) combines digital reconstructions with a variety of real-world data and information to make planning and execution processes of construction and infrastructure projects more collaborative and efficient. To further strengthen the possibilities of BIM for the construction industry, we optimize our reconstruction and reality capturing solutions to integrate them seamlessly into BIM processes. In addition, we are researching new ways of automatically generating intelligent 3D reconstructions based on BIM data. Together with construction companies, we are also working out how XR can be used to support future planning processes and beyond.

Automated verification workflows for planned lighting concepts with BIM

With our lighting simulation software HILITE it is possible to simulate physically exact, high-quality real-time visualization directly from BIM data, linked with information on materials, geometry, light sources, etc. In cooperation with our partner, the Österreichischen Bundesbahnen (ÖBB), we have specially tailored this technology to novel BIM planning methods for the optimal lighting of railway stations. Our Geospatial Visualization, Semantic Modelling and Acquisition research group has many years of experience in the field of lighting, light simulation and BIM.

Light simulation and lighting design

Especially in public spaces, but also in offices and within one's home, optimal lighting is of great importance. The correct calculation of all lighting effects in a complex scene, however, poses great challenges due to the large number of parameters to be included, from light source and location to angles and physical rules regarding material properties. In many years of cooperation with Zumtobel Licht we have expanded our know-how in the field of lighting simulation and researched visualization methods for the evaluation of planning scenarios. The research results have been presented at international conferences and can also be applied to other industries such as construction and energy simulation.

Tunnel Documentation and Analysis

Tunnels are subject to strong forces that are constantly affecting their walls. Because it is not possible to check the condition of the walls in every detail on-site, for many years methods have been developed with which tunnel walls are scanned and then reproduced as digital 3D copies. Together with our industrial partner dibit Messtechnik GmbH, a worldwide operating engineering company, we are working on improving and at the same time expanding the possibilities of tunnel monitoring by digital twins. Thanks to our applied research work, it is already possible for us to document and evaluate cracks, deformations of the tunnel structure or other damages accurately from the computer screen to carry out targeted rehabilitation work. The research results which are integrated in the dibit software are also used to support the construction phase of tunnels by geological analysis. Here it is possible to predict the rock layers the drill head will hit and accordingly, e.g. to change drilling parameters and to adjust safety measures in the tunnel.

Digital Twin

Digital twins and models are the future of all kinds of digitization projects. This is especially true for infrastructure and construction, because digital planning and building is faster, safer and cheaper. The digital twin is born parallel to an idea, "grows" with the real object using real data and measurements and serves as a template and means of communication for planning processes as well as a simulation model in which all conceivable plans and scenarios can be played through before they are implemented. Since our research has been intensively dealing with the possible applications of digital twins for 20 years, we can already present a wide range of solutions and successfully implemented use cases, ranging from tunnel monitoring to state-of-the-art hydrodynamic modelling in the field of flood protection.

Simulating the emergency to prevent it in reality

The simulation software Visdom creates the digital copy of a municipality, city or region based on real data (e.g. cadastre, terrain model, sewer network), in which various flood and heavy rain scenarios can be played through within seconds or minutes. The water rises digitally, the solutions determined by the hydrodynamic modelling are real: from construction measures to suitable locations for protective barriers and evacuation plans.

Projects