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J. Hladůvka,  A. Enkhbayar,  B. Norman,  R. Ljuhar (2016)

Automated ROI placement and trabecula-driven orientation for radiographic texture analyses of calcaneus

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2016 IEEE 13th International Symposium on Biomedical Imaging (ISBI)

Abstract

Radiographic texture analysis of calcaneus has been recently extensively researched for automated discrimination between osteoporotic and healthy subjects. Existing work concentrates on design of texture descriptors and assumes already available texture patches previously defined by human experts. In this paper we address the missing link to complete the automatic workflow -- localization and orientation of regions of interest (ROIs) the texture patches are sampled from. We exploit the shape of calcaneus to define ROI position and the structure of trabecula to define its orientation. We evaluated our automated method on 361 high-resolution radiographs. Comparison to user-defined ROIs reveals localization discrepancy of 1.85 \pm 1.06 mm and deviation in orientation of --1.81 \pm 7.31 degrees.

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Keywords

Bones;Image edge detection;Radiography;Robustness;Tensile stress;Transforms; X-ray imaging;ROI;Radiograph;calcaneus;structure;texture;trabecula